I showed the fifth graders that I have been teaching for the past few weeks this page before they tested. I let them know that I was going to be looking for these actions or test taking strategies while they tested. Our principal gave the students extra recess time at the end of the day if they worked hard on the test all morning long. I wanted a way to measure “working hard on the test”, so I used this checklist/rubric. If students did 4 of the 6 actions or testing strategies listed on the sheet, then they were able to have extra recess. Across the top of the page the categories read:
- Underlined Key Words
- Brain Dumped— Writing important information down on the math reference sheet that they may forget
- Eliminated Wrong Answers (on multiple choice)
- Used P.E.C.E (an acronym that stands for using a picture, equation, complete sentence, and elaboration to solve an open response)
- Persevered When Problem Solving
- Checked Work or Used the Entire Time to Work
If you would like to use this form, you can download it for free here. I am posting it in Word format so that you can open it and change the wording to suit your needs.
Since I am planning a Family Math Night in January, I thought I would share my PunchCardsforParentNight with you. We will be having several stations set up for students and parents. They must attend at least five stations to enter to win for a door prize and for the evening meal. Hope you can use it for whatever family night you will be having. I am posting it in Word format so that you can adapt it to suit your needs. I hope that the formatting turns out okay.
Our school’s guidance counselor came to me the other day and told me about an app she had discovered on the iphone–Mental Math Ninja. This app teaches mental math strategies using videos all for free. I learned some mental math strategies from watching these videos. Just when I thought I had learned most of the mental math strategies there were from being a math coach and attending many workshops, I learned more! Some of the videos included are:
- Rapidly multiply by 11’s,
- Calculate a 15% tip
- The Secret to Mental Addition
- Rapid Single Column Addition
- Rapid Two Column Addition
- Adding Money
- Rapidly Multiply 2-digit Numbers
- Square Numbers Ending in 5
- Square Numbers in the 50’s
- Square Numbers Close to 100
- Mutiply 2-digit by 1-digit Numbers
- Square any 2-digit Number
- Multiply 3-digit by 1-digit Numbers
- Multiply 3-digit by 2-digit Numbers
- Multiply 3-digit by 3-digit Numbers
- Divide by 0.5 or 5 or 50
With second grade right now, students are doing a lot of place value activities and are using base ten blocks as well as math discs. I made these printable math discs for the kids to represent and compare numbers. If you would like to use them they are available for a download. I am copying the ones on white, the tens on red, and the hundreds on orange paper to represent the math discs. Students are going to cut these out and glue them down to represent a number.
The first grade teachers at school absolutely love introducing subtraction and addition number sentences to their kids using the book Ten Flashing Fireflies by Philemon Sturges. I discovered this book in a lesson recorded in a Math Solutions book entitled Minilessons for Math Practice K-2. There is also a similar lesson (I think…not positive) in another Math Solutions book entitled Teaching Arithmetic. In the lesson students model the action of gathering fireflies into a jar using snap cubes. In the book there is a jar printable to use or the lesson suggests using a sheet of blue construction paper to represent the night sky. Not only is this lesson good for introducing the action of subtraction and addition, but it is also good for discussing one more and one less. Because this is such a beloved book that builds a great foundation for addition and subtraction, I worked on building this free SMART Board lesson to accompany the book this weekend, and so here is an example of this lesson. Just click to download the SMART Board lesson for free.
My favorite way to introduce division is with Divide and Ride which is a book by Stuart Murphy. I have posted about it before, but since many of you are teaching division now or soon will be, I wanted to share some of the sheets that I have developed to go along with the book. These sheets are in varying levels of difficulty. The first one is easiest and they get slightly harder. I have used them with different grade levels. The first one I used with second graders, but most of them have been used with third grade. The first question on most of the sheets is the same because it can be easily figured out with direct modeling…but if you have all of the sheets you could easily differentiate for your students since they are similar. The last sheet incorporates a question with remainders. Feel free to download them and use them for free. Let me know if they work well for your class.
1. www.math playground.com –free worksheets, math games, and interactive manipulatives
2. www.classzone.com–math games, interactive lessons, games, and math vocabulary cards
3. www.mathtv.org–interactive problem solving videos
4. www.hotmath.com–math games and learning activities
5. www.softschools.com–free worksheets and interactive games
6. www.coolmath.com–math lessons, interactive games, interactive math and art
7. www.math-play.com–free interactive games
8. www.nlvm.usu.edu–national library of virtual manipulatives
I learned this simple but powerful game–Make Ten from Melissa Conklin of Math Solutions at NCTM two years ago. The first and second graders at school have successfully played this game for several days to help strengthen their number sense. They have already become much more fluent in recognizing the sums (bonds) of ten. Make a deck of ten frame cards. Downloadable for free right here (Free Ten Frame Cards). Copy the printables four times so you have enough to make a deck. Students lay out four cards from the deck face up on the table between two to four partners. (I think the game works best with pairs). Then students take turns to pull two cards that have a sum of ten. If there are not two cards that have a sum of ten then students may pull one more and place it face up in the middle of the table until there are a set of two cards that will make ten. When students pull the pair of cards from the center of the table, they say the equation that matches, for example, three and seven make 10 or three plus seven equals 10. After students have played the game once or twice, have them record their equations in their journal. I highly recommend playing this game to build number foundations to ten.
I am also posting a clip here of a ten frame SMART Board slide I made for my K-2 teachers to adapt to their specific needs. This slide has all of the ten frame cards on it from 0-10 and would be great to adapt for many Math Solutions lessons such as this one.
To alleviate misconceptions that crop up when teaching rounding, use a number line that counts by the number you are rounding to. For example, if you are rounding to the nearest 10, then have a number line that counts by 10’s. If the number is 34, students will be able to find that the 34 will fall between 30 and 40.
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Often students will assume a number like this rounds down to 20 because they see that the 2 in 20 is before 3 in 30 so it only stands to reason to students that 20 is the number 34 would round down to. When students are able to see a number line, they are able to actually visualize which ten the number is closest to. For a free number line that counts by ten click here.